Cryptocurrency Trading: Beginner's Guide

There are several ways of earning money on cryptocurrency and the most popular is crypto trading. It is the process of buying and selling digital assets, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin. However it can be difficult for beginners to navigate the world of trading. This guide will provide a step-by-step overview of how to get started, factors to consider and how to choose cryptocurrency for trading.

How to Start Cryptocurrency Trading

1. Finding a Suitable Platform for Trading

The first thing to consider before starting trading crypto is finding a suitable platform. This involves:

  • considering security;
  • ease of use;
  • number of assets supported; 
  • fees.

The most popular platforms are Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken. Each platform has its pros and cons, and it's crucial to do your own research and understand the platform features.

Remember! Crypto exchanges are often centralized, that's why they does't suit for long-term holdings. Keep your funds secure in a non-custodial wallet.

2. Choosing the Right Cryptocurrency

Choosing the right cryptocurrency is vital in minimizing losses. A cryptocurrency's performance and longevity in the market should be considered. 

Choose popular cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and Ripple.

It's important to diversify investments, minimize losses and maximize profit.

3. Trading Tips and Best Practices

Investing only sums of money that can be afforded to lose and avoiding fear of missing out and trading under pressure is important. Constantly staying up to date with cryptocurrencies, trends, and information is instrumental in making accurate decisions. Strategies such as stop-loss orders help manage risks and minimize losses.

4. Advanced Trading Techniques

Fundamental and technical analysis methods help traders make sound investment decisions. Staking and earning passive income is another advanced trading technique that involves owning and holding certain cryptocurrencies for an extended period to earn rewards and incentives. Practicing risk management and maintaining trading and investing discipline are crucial in advanced trading techniques.

Basics of Reading the Cryptocurrency Market

1. Order Book Dynamics

The order book is a list of buy/sell orders for each crypto asset. Market participants place bids to buy at a specific price or offer to sell at a specific price. Any time a buy order and a sell order match, a transaction occurs. The balance of buy/sell orders determines the price of the cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin Order Book
Bitcoin Order Book / Source:

If there are more buy than sell orders, the price goes up. Conversely, if there are more sell than buy orders, the price goes down. Keeping an eye on the order book is important because it gives you an idea of how the market is trending, which can influence your trading decisions.

2. Longing and Shorting

Longing and shorting are cryptocurrency trading strategies for making profit from changes in the price of cryptocurrency.

  • Longing is the practice of buying low and selling high. A long position profits when the price of a cryptocurrency goes up.
  • Shorting is the opposite of a long position. In a short position, you sell high and buy low. Short positions are profitable when the price of a cryptocurrency goes down.

However, shorting has more significant risks because losses can add up quickly if the price of a cryptocurrency rises unexpectedly. It's essential to consider your risk tolerance and the market conditions before choosing a strategy.

3. Bullish and Bearish Markets

Bullish markets occur when cryptocurrency prices are going up. In contrast, bearish markets occur when prices are going down. Spotting bullish or bearish markets helps traders determine trade strategies.

Bullish markets often present opportunities for long positions, while bearish markets offer opportunities for short positions. However, it's important to recognize that market conditions can change quickly. It's essential to continue monitoring the market to adjust your trading strategies accordingly.

4. Consolidation

Consolidation occurs when a cryptocurrency price moves sideways within a particular range. It typically occurs after sharp trends on higher time frames. Consolidation periods offer opportunities to buy in at lower prices and sell at higher prices once the trend resumes. However, patience is a key feature in a consolidation period. It's essential to manage the market closely and wait for a confirmation of trend to avoid making losses.

How Crypto Trading Works

1. Market Structure and Cycles

The market structure is a critical component of technical analysis as it follows specific cycles and patterns. Understanding these cycles can enable traders to make informed decisions and take advantage of market movements.

The cycle consists of four main parts: accumulation, markup, distribution, and decline. 

  • During the accumulation stage, the market is said to be at its lowest level, and demand for the asset is increasing. 
  • The markup is when the market breaks out of the accumulation, and demand surges. 
  • During distribution, the demand decreases, and the market starts to fall. 
  • In the decline, the market loses momentum and reaches its lowest price point again.

Identifying these stages is essential to make informed trading decisions and gaining profits. It is also important to understand bull and bear behavior to predict market movements.

2. Whales

Whales are individuals or entities who hold significant amounts of cryptocurrency and can influence price movements. These entities can manipulate the market by buying or selling large amounts of cryptocurrency to create demand or decrease supply. It is important to be aware of whale activity when trading and to use caution. In recent years, there have been instances where whales have manipulated the market, causing significant losses for traders. By keeping an eye on whale activity, traders can make informed decisions and avoid significant losses.

3. Psychological Cycles and Emotions

The market is heavily influenced by psychological cycles and emotions. Emotions such as fear, greed, and hope can play a significant role in the market. Fear causes traders to sell, while greed leads to buy. Hope can lead to irrational decisions, as traders hold onto assets, hoping the market turns in their favor. Recognizing these emotions and not letting them dictate trading strategies is essential. Traders must be aware of their own emotions and make informed decisions based on the market analysis, rather than emotions.

4. High-Volume Price Action

High-volume price action is an essential element of technical analysis. Observing trade volume can provide insights into the markets' direction and indicate market momentum. High volume can signal a trend reversal, indicating that the market is changing direction. For example, if there is a high volume of buyers, this could mean that the market is bullish. Conversely, high selling volume could suggest a bearish market trend.

5. Accumulation during Market Cycles

Market cycles provide opportunities for accumulation. The best time to accumulate is during a depression following a drastic drop in cryptocurrency prices. This is when the market is at its lowest, and demand is typically low. By accumulating at this point, traders can profit from the upcoming uptrend. It is essential to stay informed and keep an eye on market trends to make informed accumulation decisions.

6. Research and Trading Strategy

Research is key to making informed trading decisions. A trading strategy should not be based solely on emotions but should incorporate informed market analysis. Traders must have a well-researched and informed trading strategy, which guides their actions in the market. Research should include market trends, technical analysis, and market sentiment analysis.

Tools for analysis

1. Micro perspective

Before we dive into various indicators and strategies, it's important to understand the concept of a micro perspective in market analysis. Essentially, this means looking at the market beyond the overall trends to identify opportunities and risks. This approach allows you to take advantage of changes in the market that may be overlooked by other investors.

2. Support and Resistance

One of the most important indicators of market trends is to identify support and resistance levels. 

  • Support levels are the price levels at which traders believe that the demand for an asset will increase, leading to an increase in price. 
  • Resistance levels, on the other hand, are the price levels at which traders believe that the supply of an asset will increase, leading to a decrease in price.

Understanding support and resistance levels can give you a better idea of the direction of the market.

3. Trendlines

Trendlines can also be used to identify market trends as they indicate the larger trend of the market. A trendline is a straight line that connects two or more price points and can provide insight into the market's overall direction. As with support and resistance levels, trendlines can be strengthened by historical market data.

4. Round Number Price Levels

Round-number price levels, such as $100 or $1000, can also have a significant impact on the market. These levels often serve as resistance levels as traders hesitate to buy at an expensive price or sell at a low price. Understanding these psychological price points can help you to make better investment decisions.

5. Moving Averages

Moving averages provide a useful indicator of short-term momentum in the market. A moving average is an average price over a period of time, and as the name implies, it "moves" as new data is available. Many investors use moving averages to determine whether a specific asset is trending up or down.

6. Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts provide a visual representation of market trends and can help investors anticipate possible price movements. By identifying different chart patterns, traders can anticipate possible trends and make informed investment decisions.

Detecting patterns and cycles in the market is not an easy task, but it is a skill that can be developed over time. 


Cryptocurrency trading is an excellent opportunity for beginners who have done ample research and understand the market. Finding a suitable platform, choosing the right cryptocurrency, and following best practices are essential to trading success. Advanced trading techniques like fundamental and technical analysis, passive income, and risk management, require more skill and experience to practice. Remember to learn from mistakes, continue learning, and always keep up with the latest trends and information. Get started with cryptocurrency trading today!

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